Scientific name: Pleurotus ostreatus
Oyster mushrooms are one of the most popular mushrooms in the genus Pleurotus (gilled mushrooms). They are usually light to dark creamy grey in color, although there are also a wide variety of colors including yellow, pink, white and blue. Their broad, oyster-shaped cap and off-centered stipe allows the mushroom to attach laterally to its growth medium. They are famous for their resemblance to Oysters and hence its name.
These mushrooms are commonly found in the wild, growing on deciduous trees and obtaining its nutrients from decomposing the wood. At APF, they are cultivated in sawdust substrate bags containing a mixture of organic carbon and nitrogen source under different temperatures and relative humidity at each growth stage.
Oyster mushrooms are also a delicacy in many Asian cuisine and cultivated in many countries including China, Taiwan, Japan, India, and central Europe. It has a rich flavor that is reminiscent of their namesake but don’t worry, they do not taste fishy. Once cooked, this mushroom has a tender, velvety texture and fresh, delicate flavor in the mouth.
They make a delicious accompaniment to all kinds of meat or seafood and even in omelette. Research has shown that Oyster mushrooms are high in fiber and proteins, reduces cholesterol levels and are rich in the eight amino acids necessary for the human body. Not only are they delicious, their nutritional value also make them a great add-on to soups, stews and chowder. Serve them with any dish and savor this versatile mushroom.